Spinal orthotics includes the spectrum of bracing to support or correct disorders of the cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and sacral vertebral column. They can be limited to one segment of the spine or span more than one segment depending on the severity of the problem.
Cervical Orthotics (COs)
Intended to support the neck, these orthotics can range from soft foam collars, semi rigid collars, or rigid collars that are prefabricated or individually made.
Cervical Thoracic Orthotics (CTOs)
These are used when the injury or defect is located in the lower neck or is severe enough to require the extended support or involvement of the chest and upper back (thorax). They are generally more rigid in construction.
Cervical Thoracic Lumbar Sacral Orthotics (CTLSOs)
These braces are reserved for disorders or traumas that involve the entire spine and require complete immobilization.
Thoracic Lumbar Sacral Orthotics (TLSOs)
TLSO's are generally used to support spinal fusion surgery until the surgery is completely healed. They can also be used as a test for whether surgery would be helpful or not. TLSOs are made from measurements of a persons torso or made from a plaster impression.
Lumbar Sacral Orthotics (LSOs)
This particular brace is limited to support the lumbar spine and are commonly used for the myriad diagnoses for "low back pain". They typically rely on intra abdominal compression to relieve pain. They are rigid in construction, but are usually soft and even elastic at time